WHAT IS Kalahi-CIDSS?
Kalahi-CIDSS, otherwise known as the Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services, is one of the poverty alleviation programs of the Philippine Government being implemented by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). It uses the community-driven development (CDD) approach, a globally recognized strategy for achieving service delivery, poverty reduction, and good governance outcomes.
Started in 2003, its scale-up was approved on 18 January 2013 by the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) Board, which was headed by President Benigno Aquino III.
- Helps communities in poor municipalities identify challenges around reducing poverty and make informed decisions on a range of locally identified options for development, including how this is made and in what form;
- Gives control of resources to address local poverty to communities; and
- Builds the capacity of both state (including local governments) and civil society stakeholders to provide assistance and respond to calls for support from poor communities as they implement development initiatives.
The development objective of Kalahi-CIDSS is to have barangays/communities of targeted municipalities become empowered to achieve improved access to services and to participate in more inclusive local planning, budgeting, and implementation.
What is CDD?
Both NCDDP and its parent project Kalahi-CIDSS use CDD (Community-Driven Development) as the over-all community development approach and strategy.
The CDD approach ensures that development priorities are addressed in a participatory, collective, inclusive, and in demand-driven way. This is done through localized decision-making during social preparation activities, and in the identification, development, prioritization, establishment, and operationalization of community projects.
NCDDP will support implementation of the national government current thrust to accelerate achievement of the MDG goals and to halve poverty by 2015. NCDDP shall be able to use the following advantages of the CDD approach in poverty reduction:
- Ability of the CDD approach to deliver social, economic and good governance outcomes, proven by the experience and external impact evaluation results of the KALAHI-CIDSS project of DSWD;
- Positive economic costs and benefits analysis of CDD-supported KALAHI-CIDSS community projects, showing high overall and sub-project-level economic rates of return;
- The acknowledgement in the Philippine Development Plan 2011-16 of CDD as an effective approach in social development programs delivery;
- Endorsement of LGU local chief executives of the CDD approach based on their experience in the KALAHI-CIDSS project; and
- Ability of the CDD process to coordinate and expedite channelling of local and national government resources into poor municipalities, considering size of poverty and population.
The NCDDP will support Kalahi-CIDSS CDD operation and expansion, as well as integration of CDD with the Human Development and Poverty Reduction Cluster’s (HDPRC) Bottom Up Planning and Budgeting (BUB) process in selected municipalities.
Specifically, NCDDP will implement the following:
- Institutionalize performance-based CDD support for municipalities that have finished at least 4 cycles of old and existing Kalahi-CIDSS municipalities which have participated in four or more Kalahi-CIDSS funding cycles;
- Continue CDD operation in existing KALAHI-CIDSS municipalities and expand into new targeted poor municipalities;
- Integrate Kalahi-CIDSS CDD and LPRAP-BUP process in common municipalities of the NCDDP and HDPRC, for more systematized community participation in local poverty reduction action;
- Institutionalize capacity building and learning on CDD for community volunteers, partner national government agencies, LGUs, CSOs and other partners;
- Support integration of the role of provincial LGUs in Bottom Up Planning and Budgeting and CDD, particularly in provinces with high concentrations of NCDDP municipalities; and
- Continue support for the government’s DSWD convergence of CCT-CDD-Livelihood Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) Program by providing needed health and education social infrastructure facilities in target CCT areas, thereby enabling the Program’s beneficiaries to comply with the requirements of the conditional cash transfer program.
Goals and Objectives
Development Objective of NCDDP:
To have barangays/communities of targeted municipalities become empowered to achieve improved access to services and to participate in more inclusive local planning, budgeting, and implementation.
NCDDP aims to:
- Empower communities by treating them not as passive recipients of assistance and services but as partners in development;
- Improve local governance by improving people’s engagement with and access to their LGUs, thereby making it more democratic and participatory;
- Reduce poverty by implementing barangay-level projects that respond to the communities’ felt needs and problems.
NCDDP is expected to achieve the following benefits for communities:
- Better access to basic services;
- Improve core local poverty indicators in project municipalities;
- Increase percentages of households that report an increase in knowledge, skills, and confidence to participate collectively in local governance activities in project municipalities;
- Improve the attendance of members from marginalized groups in barangay assemblies